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A signal person is the crane operator’s counterpart on the other side of the load. The signal person is responsible for combining their knowledge of crane safety and limitations with what they are actively seeing and hearing during crane operations in order to relay the appropriate signals to the crane operator and to keep everyone safe.
A good signal person can make a bad operator look good.
A bad signal person can make a good operator look bad.
1926.1428 Signal Person Qualifications
The employer of the signal person must ensure that each signal person meets the Qualification Requirements in 1926.1428 prior to giving any signals.
This requirement must be met by using either third party qualified evaluator (like AICB) or the employer’s qualified evaluator.
Employers must determine whether a person is qualified to perform specific rigging tasks. A qualified rigger is a rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person.
The person designated as the qualified rigger must have the ability to properly rig the load for a particular job. Each qualified rigger may have different credentials or experience and it is task specific.
29 CFR 1926.1401, 1926.1404, and 1926.1425.
Employers must use qualified riggers during hoisting activities for assembly and disassembly work, whenever workers are within the fall zone and hooking, unhooking, or guiding a load, or doing the initial connection of a load to a component or structure.
Crane operators control heavy machinery to lift, move, position or place large heavy objects across various industries and settings.
Crane operators can be found in construction, mining, maritime, railroad, manufacturing, energy and many other industries across the world.
subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction, 1926.1427 Operator Qualification and Certification.
OPTION 1: Accredited testing organization (like NCCCO)
OPTION 2: Audited employer qualification program
OPTION 3: U.S. military
OPTION 4: Licensing by a government entity
Lift Directors, or heavy lift specialist / site supervisors as they are sometimes called in the field, is the onsite lead responsible for managing crane & rigging plans, tasks and crews during lifting operations.
This is where the rubber meets the road to evaluate and execute safe lifts.
ASME B30.5 and P.30
OSHA requires lift directors to be qualified and competent.
Qualified person means a person who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training and experience, successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/ resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
Competent person means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.